British Law and Technology Timeline

Written by Fatima Freifer
Written by Fatima Freifer


case management software, practice management software, legal accounting software, legaltech, technology for lawyers, case management, immigration, london, united kingdomcase management software, practice management software, legal accounting software, legaltech, technology for lawyers, case management, immigration, london, united kingdom

Legal Tech, or the segment of the legal industry that uses cutting-edge technologies, has completely transformed the way attorneys and law professionals work. It has generated new prospects to digitally renovate the legal industry and meet the expectations of tech-savvy clients. Surprisingly, this has not been limited to the top legal organisations; small legal teams and start-ups have also recognised and invested in the opportunity.

Technology has a massive impact on every industry, particularly the legal world. It has improved the attorney-client relationship in many ways in the twenty-first century. Technology has unquestionably advanced in the direction of digital transformation.

It was not long ago that most lawyers and law firms relied on typewriters and telephones to conduct business. Other types of businesses used technology that was essentially identical to the technology used by law firms. If you walked into a law firm, a utility or an advertising agency, you would find that everyone used the same technology to do very different things. [1]


Dicitation Machine

 Its journey began in the early 1950s, when technological industries began directly marketing to law firms. Thomas Edison invented recording sound on a machine with the introduction of a phonograph, a machine that recorded and played back anything that it ‘heard’ in 1877. However, it became known in the legal sector only in 1953 when dictation machines were directly supplied to law firms. It proved to be a very self-contained method in which recorded information could be transcribed whenever the lawyer desired.

Even if their assistant was not present, lawyers could record information on dictation machines and have that assistant transcribe the information later. It was both a time-saving device and a more reliable method of recording information that the lawyer needed transcribed. Unfortunately, the first dictation machines were costly, cumbersome and frequently broke down. Today, however, any lawyer with a smartphone can quickly and easily dictate information and have it immediately transcribed with a high degree of accuracy.


Personal Computer

 IBM released the “Personal Computer” in 1981, the first widely sold desktop computer for ordinary business users. Pioneering lawyers began to learn word processing in order to type their own documents. Spreadsheets were used by some to calculate damages, negotiate settlements and analyse securities trading patterns. These early adopters had to learn at least a basic understanding of DOS, the original disk-operating system famous for its innovative “C:>” prompt.

Firms that purchased PCs early faced some difficult challenges. Because PCs and printers were expensive, allocating the hardware could be a contentious issue. Another issue was support: Lawyers required assistance and training. Firms established help desks, staffing them with those who expressed an interest in a PC facility.

The PC opened up an infinite number of possibilities for “applications.” Some were designed with lawyers in mind, such as deposition searching or document assembly (for automatically creating documents). Others were developed for broader markets and adopted by lawyers, such as outliners for deposition preparation, personal information managers for contact and calendar management and databases for indexing discovery documents.[3]


Advanced Case Management Systems


Early case management systems at the turn of the millennium were useful but flawed because they were not scalable and, in many cases, did not address all of a law firm’s critical needs. Most were only available as local downloads and replaced, rather than integrated, office productivity software such as Microsoft Word. Depending on the case management software purchased, a law firm may have had to patch together multiple systems to meet all of their critical business needs.

However, beginning in the late 2000s, case management systems were completely revamped, leveraging many of today’s modern tech tools in ways that help lawyers get the information they need when they need it and manage client matters easily, no matter where they are.

Many systems, however, have inherent design flaws that make them vulnerable to future technological evolution (even today). Cloud-only systems rely on consistent Internet access, contact-based systems (as opposed to matter-based systems) rely on remembering client information, and basic case management packages still rely on attorneys finding public forms and filling them out repeatedly.

Emerging digital technologies in the modern day


The law of technology is a developing area of the law and is always evolving. In the past few years, there have been many new laws and changes to existing laws that have been introduced.

Emerging digital technologies have created new opportunities while also posing new legal challenges, particularly in the areas of intellectual property, trademarks, patents, royalties and licensing. The development of new digital communication technologies and media, for example, has given rise to novel issues concerning the digital reproduction and distribution of copyrighted works. Affected industries and public interest advocacy groups have taken (and continue to take) action to craft appropriate safeguards and provide legal certainty to copyright holders, digital technology companies, the public and other interested parties.

Business Intelligence

 Many businesses have embraced powerful business intelligence software because it allows them to analyse their data and improve their reporting structures. A business intelligence dashboard visualises and consolidates key information into a logical format that can be very useful in identifying problems and forecasting reliable outcomes.

Automation enables law firms and professionals to change their working habits and become more efficient. Because of rising customer expectations, the legal sector’s latest pace of digital transformation must keep up with the times and trends. The emerging legal technology stack offers a variety of law-based solutions, including e-billing, workflow automation, dashboard, e-signature and general compliance.

These new digital economy sectors raise regulatory and policy concerns about taxes, data collection, privacy, Internet governance, regulatory jurisdiction and intellectual property.


 Despite the indescribably diverse ways in which technology advances, and the correspondingly diverse range of new legal issues that arise as a result of such advances, the legal system’s response to new law and technology issues reveals significant integration within the field.

Inferring from current trends, it is clear that firms will continue to work on improving their ability to work whenever and wherever they want, as well as collaborate within the firm and with third parties. With the control of the lawyer’s computer desktop and the increasing size of large firms, there is renewed interest in using technology to automate back office functions such as opening new matters, resolving conflicts and paying expenses.


 [1] Legal Technology Timeline, Slideshare,

[2] Law and Technology Timeline

[3] A 60-Year Timeline of Events Technology Innovation, Corbin Ball, CMP, CSP, 2019

case management software, practice management software, legal accounting software, legaltech, technology for lawyers, case management, immigration, london, united kingdomcase management software, practice management software, legal accounting software, legaltech, technology for lawyers, case management, immigration, london, united kingdom

Similar to this article